Architecture Syllabus – Exam Pattern

The engineering test for the post graduation will conduct every year in the month of February named GATE test. After complete the graduation, the candidates should start their preparation for the Graduate Aptitude test of engineering. The candidates must prepare for the exam with the GATE Architecture Syllabus 2019 that given on this web page. The candidates should prepare with the latest GATE Architecture Syllabus available over here. You have to scroll down this web page for more updates.

GATE Architecture Syllabus 2019

On this web page, the candidates will able to get the GATE Architecture Syllabus for the examination after the official release. The candidates should check the latest syllabus available for the architecture branch over here. The exam will conduct in the month of February. So, the candidates have enough time to prepare for the GATE exam. The GATE Architecture Syllabus 2019 will available on this web page shortly. The gate exam is the national level engineering exam. So, the competition will be very high to pass the exam.

The GATE Architecture Syllabus will help the candidates to know about the topics on which they will face questions in the examination. The candidates who are searching for the GATE Architecture syllabus 2019 should visit this web page regularly. The candidates will able to participate in the examination who successfully applied before the closing date. The candidates should read out the various details of the syllabus before you appear in the examination. The competition between the candidates will very high as a number of engineering graduates every year participate in the examination.

GATE Architecture Exam Pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 85%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The candidates who are going to appear in the GATE exam should check the exam pattern before you appear in the examination. It will help you to know about the marks that each section of the GATE Architecture Syllabus. It will help you to prepare the good study plan according to your strong or weak subject. So, we bring the latest GATE Architecture Exam pattern 2018 on this web page for candidates who are preparing for the GATE test. The candidates should check the details of the exam pattern which are available on this web page.

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The exam pattern will help you get the section wise score that appears in the GATE exam. The candidates should check the details related to the marks for the upcoming exam. By knowing the subject wise score, you have to go through the GATE Architecture Exam pattern from this web page. You will able to prepare the better plan if you know the subject wise marks. You can prepare more accurate for the examination with the help of exam pattern.

GATE Architecture exam syllabus 2019

City planning: Evolution of cities; principles of city planning; types of cities & new towns; planning regulations and building byelaws; eco-city concept; sustainable development.

Housing: Concept of housing; neighbourhood concept; site neighborhoodciples; housing typology; housing standards; housing infrastructure; housing policies, finance and management; housing programs in India; self help housing.

Landscape Design: Principles of landscape design and site planning; history of landscape styles; landscape elements and materials; plant characteristics & planting design; environmental considerations in landscape planning.

Computer Aided Design: Application of computers in architecture and planning; understanding elements of hardware and software; computer graphics; programming languages – C and Visual Basic and usage of packages such as AutoCAD, 3D-Studio, 3D Max.

Environmental Studies in Building Science: Components of Ecosystem; ecological principles concerning environment; climate responsive design; energy efficient building design; thermal comfort; solar architecture; principles of lighting and styles for illumination; basic principles of architectural acoustics; environment pollution, their control & abatement.

Visual and Urban Design: Principles of visual composition; proportion, scale, rhythm, symmetry, harmony, datum, balance, form, colour, texture; sense of place and space, division of space; barrier free design; focal point, vista, image ability, visual survey, figure-background relationship.

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History of Architecture: Indian – Indus valley, Vedic, Buddhist, Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and  Mughal periods; European – Egyptian, Greek, Roman, medieval and renaissance periods- construction and architectural styles; vernacular and traditional architecture.

Development of Contemporary Architecture: Architectural developments and impacts on society since industrial revolution; influence of modern art on architecture; works of national and international architects; art novuea, eclecticism, international styles, post modernism, deconstruction in architecture.

Building Services: Water supply, sewerage and drainage systems; sanitary fittings and fixtures; plumbing systems, principles of internal & external drainage systems, principles of electrification of buildings, intelligent buildings; elevators & escalators, their standards and uses; air-conditioning systems; fire fighting systems, building safety and security systems.

Building Construction and Management: Building construction techniques, methods and details; building systems  and  prefabrication  of  building  elements;  principles  of  modular  coordination;  estimation, specification, valuation, professional practice; project management techniques e.g., PERT, CPM etc;

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Materials and Structural Systems: Behavioural characteristics of all types of building materials e.g. mud, timber,  bamboo,  brick,  concrete,  steel,  glass,  FRP,  different  polymers,  composites;  principles  of strength of materials; design of structural elements in wood, steel and RCC; elastic and limit state design; complex structural systems; principles of pre-stressing; tall buildings; principles of disaster resistant structures.

Planning Theory: Regional planning; settlement system planning; history of human settlements; growth of cities & metropolises; principles of Ekistics; rural-urban migration; urban  conservation; urban renewal; Five-year plan; structural and sectoral plan.

Techniques of Planning: Planning survey techniques; preparation of urban and regional structure plans, development plans, action plans; site planning principles and design; statistical methods of data analysis; application of G.I.S and remote sensing techniques in urban and regional planning; decision making models.

Traffic and Transportation Planning: Principles of traffic engineering and transportation planning; traffic survey methods; design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas; hierarchy of roads and levels of services; traffic and transport management in urban areas, intelligent transportation system; mass transportation planning; para-transits and other modes of transportation, pedestrian & slow moving traffic planning.

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Infrastructure, Services and Amenities: Principles of water supply and sanitation systems; water treatment; solid waste disposal systems; waste treatment, recycle & reuse; urban rainwater harvesting; power supply and communication systems — network, design & guidelines; demography related standards at various levels of the settlements for health, education, recreation, religious & public-semi public facilities.

Development Administration and Management: Planning laws; development control and zoning regulations; laws relating to land acquisition; development enforcements, urban land ceiling; land management techniques;  planning  and  municipal   administration;   disaster   mitigation   management;   73rd& 74th Constitutional amendments; valuation & taxation; revenue resources and fiscal management; public participation and role of NGO & CBO; Institutional networking & capacity building.

Here we will provide you all things related to the GATE exam. The candidates have to visit the official web page from here. Also, you can ask in the below mentioned comment box if you have any question about GATE Architecture Syllabus. We will provide you the suitable solution soon. We wish you good luck on upcoming GATE exam. Thank You

GATE 2019

Civil Syllabus – Exam Pattern

The GATE exam will be conducted by the IIT Guwahati across the country for graduate candidates. A large number of candidates appeared in the examination on various exam centers. If you applied for the GATE civil exam then start your preparation with the GATE civil syllabus 2019 from this web page. The board will release the syllabus and exam pattern on the official web portal. You should collect the information related to the GATE Civil Syllabus of the exam mentioned over here. Scroll this page down for more information of GATE Civil Syllabus.

GATE civil syllabus 2019

A huge number of candidates are expected to appear in the examination of this year. The competition will be going tough for candidates as participants attend the exam from various regions of the country. If you want to pass the exam then prepare well for the upcoming exam. You should check out the latest GATE civil syllabus 2019 and exam pattern given here. The syllabus for the civil exam will be released on the official website. Stay tuned this web page for more updates.

The GATE Civil Syllabus will help the candidates to prepare for the upcoming exam. All you have to do get your branch syllabus from the official website. The syllabus of the civil exam will be announced over here with the official release. You should check the various details of the GATE civil syllabus 2019 that given here. The syllabus will help you to get various topics from which you can check the syllabus from here. Bookmark this page for more updates.

GATE civil exam pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The candidates who are searching for the GATE Civil Syllabus and exam pattern over the internet should check here. You should check the various details related to the GATE civil exam pattern 2019 available here. You have to check exam pattern to get the section wise marks. The marking scheme for the examination is well defined for the upcoming exam. You should check the exam pattern as you start the preparation for the examination. The candidates should check out the exam pattern from here.

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The exam pattern is important for the examination that every candidate should know before appear in the civil exam. You should check the details of the GATE civil exam pattern from here. The exam pattern will be released on the official web page with the GATE Civil Syllabus. The candidates who are preparing for the civil exam should check the marks section wise that board given will manage in the examination. You have to regular visit on this web page for more updates.

GATE civil exam syllabus 2019

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus


Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

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Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam–column connections, plate girders  and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.


Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability &seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-

infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations–pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction.


Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics: Properties of fluids, the principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. The concept of the boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.

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Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of the irrigation system, irrigation methods. Waterlogging and drainage, sodic soils.


Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.


Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.

Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.


Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.

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The candidates who are planning to appear in the civil exam should check GATE Civil Syllabus and exam pattern given here. The syllabus will help you to get all the topics that you may face in the examination. If you have any query regarding GATE civil syllabus 2019 then you can drop a comment in the below mentioned box. We will reply to you with a suitable solution soon. Thank you for visit here. Wish you good luck. Have a Nice Day!

GATE 2019

Chemistry Syllabus – Exam Pattern

GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2019 with exam pattern is given on this page. Get GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2019 and prepare for upcoming GATE examination.

GATE Chemistry Exam pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 85%
Total Marks 65 Marks

GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2019


Structure: Quantum theory: principles and techniques; applications to a particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, rigid rotor and hydrogen atom; valence bond and molecular orbital theories, Hückel approximation; approximate techniques: variation and perturbation; symmetry, point groups; rotational, vibrational, electronic, NMR, and ESR spectroscopy

Equilibrium: Kinetic theory of gases; First law of thermodynamics, heat, energy, and work; second law of thermodynamics and entropy; third law and absolute entropy; free energy; partial molar quantities; ideal and non-ideal solutions; phase transformation: phase rule and phase diagrams – one, two, and three component systems; activity, activity coefficient, fugacity, and fugacity coefficient; chemical equilibrium, response of chemical equilibrium to temperature and pressure; colligative properties; Debye-Hückel theory; thermodynamics of electrochemical cells; standard electrode potentials: applications – corrosion and energy conversion; molecular partition function (translational, rotational, vibrational, and electronic).

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Kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions, the temperature dependence of chemical reactions; elementary, consecutive, and parallel reactions; steady state approximation; theories of reaction rates – collision and transition state theory, relaxation kinetics, kinetics of photochemical reactions and free radical polymerization, homogeneous catalysis, adsorption isotherms and heterogeneous catalysis.


Main group elements: General characteristics, allotropes, structure and reactions of simple and industrially important compounds: boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines and phosphazenes. Hydrides, oxides and oxoacids of pnictogens (N, P), chalcogens (S, Se & Te) and halogens, xenon compounds, pseudo halogens and interhalogen compounds. Shapes of molecules and hard- soft acid base concept. Structure and Bonding (VBT) of B, Al, Si, N, P, S, Cl compounds. Allotropes of carbon: graphite, diamond, C60. Synthesis and reactivity of inorganic polymers of Si and P.

Transition Elements: General characteristics of d and f block elements; coordination chemistry: structure and isomerism, stability, theories of metal- ligand bonding (CFT and LFT), mechanisms of substitution and electron transfer reactions of coordination complexes. Electronic spectra and magnetic properties of transition metal complexes, lanthanides and actinides. Metal carbonyls, metal- metal bonds and metal atom clusters, metallocenes; transition metal complexes with bonds to hydrogen, alkyls, alkenes and arenes; metal carbenes; use of organometallic compounds as  catalysts in organic synthesis. Bioinorganic chemistry of Na, K. Mg, Ca, Fe, Co, Zn, Cu and Mo.

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Solids: Crystal systems and lattices, miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects; Bragg’s Law, ionic crystals, band theory, metals and semiconductors, Different structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 compounds, spinels.

Instrumental methods of analysis: Atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy including ICP-AES, UV- visible spectrophotometry, NMR, mass, Mossbauer spectroscopy (Fe and Sn), ESR spectroscopy, chromatography including GC and HPLC and electro-analytical methods (Coulometry,  cyclic voltammetry, polarography – amperometry, and ion selective electrodes).


Stereochemistry: Chirality of organic molecules with or without chiral centres. Specification of configuration in compounds having one or more stereogenic centers. Enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism. Configurational and conformational effects on reactivity and selectivity/specificity.

Reaction mechanism: Methods of determining reaction mechanisms. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitutions and additions to multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates- carbocations, carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes, free radicals. Molecular rearrangements involving electron deficient atoms.

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Organic synthesis: Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following- alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, halides, nitro compounds and amines. Use of compounds of Mg, Li, Cu, B and Si in organic synthesis. Concepts in multistep synthesis- retrosynthetic analysis, disconnections, synthons, synthetic equivalents, reactivity umpolung, selectivity, protection and deprotection of functional groups.

Pericyclic reactions: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlation, FMO and PMO treatments.

Photochemistry: Basic principles. Photochemistry of alkenes, carbonyl compounds, and arenes. Photooxidation and photoreduction. Di-π- methane rearrangement, Barton reaction.

Heterocyclic compounds: Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole and their derivatives.

Biomolecules: Structure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.

Spectroscopy: Principles and applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the determination of structures of organic molecules.

GATE 2019

ECE Syllabus – Exam Pattern

The GATE exam will be conducted in the February month every year. A large number of candidates from various courses participated in the GATE exam. The candidates should check the detailed GATE ECE syllabus 2019 from here. You can start your preparation with the latest available GATE ECE Syllabus from here. The exam board will provide the syllabus on the official web portal with notification as well. Scroll down this page for more updates on the GATE exam.

GATE ECE Syllabus 2019

ECE is the combined study of the electrical engineering and computer engineering. The candidates who are interested in the pg courses from the IITs and NITs should apply for the GATE ECE exam. The candidates who successfully applied for the ECE exam for Graduate Aptitude Test in engineering should start their preparation. The first thing you need to start your preparation is GATE ECE Syllabus 2019 which available on this web page. Just click on the link given on this page to get it in pdf file.

The GATE ECE Syllabus is very important if you are going to participate in the upcoming GATE ECE exam online. The candidates should check the details of the syllabus which are available on this web page. Before the exam, the board will provide enough time to prepare better. You must start your preparation with the GATE ECE Syllabus that available on this website for the candidates who are planning to appear in the upcoming exam. The candidates should check the details of the syllabus given here.

GATE ECE Exam pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The candidates should check the exam pattern before you start your preparation for the examination. You need to collect the information of the syllabus and GATE ECE exam pattern available on this web page. You should check the details of the exam pattern that describe each section marks in it. The exam pattern will help you get the correct marks section wise. You have to check the exam pattern carefully before starting the preparation.

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The exam pattern for the GATE ECE exam will available on the official website that will be released by the board online. The candidates can get the GATE ECE exam pattern from here. The candidates should check the exam pattern and GATE ECE Syllabus that released by the board on the official web portal. The candidates who are looking for the exam pattern can get from this web page. If you seeking for GATE exam updates then visit this website regularly.

GATE ECE Exam Syllabus 2019

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra:

Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.


Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations:

First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

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Complex variables:

Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics:

Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods:

Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Transform Theory:

Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.

Electronics and Communication Engineering


Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

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Electronic Devices:

Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers. p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.

Analog Circuits:

Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple op-amp circuits. Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; single- transistor and op-amp configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

Digital circuits:

Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor(8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing.

>><<ECE books>><<

Signals and Systems:

Definitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, z-transform. Sampling theorem. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

Control Systems:

Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.


Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of

information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

>><<GATE ECE Cut off>><<


Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

The GATE ECE Syllabus and exam pattern for the exam will be released on the official web portal with the notification of exam. The candidates should check the GATE ECE syllabus before you start your preparation for the exam. Also, the exam pattern will release with the syllabus. Thank you for visit here.

We hope that you get the information for which you are looking on this page. If you still have any question in your mind then you can ask in the comment box. We will soon provide the correct solution. Wish you good luck. Have a Nice Day!


Agriculture Syllabus – Exam Pattern

You can get GATE Agriculture Syllabus 2019 from this page along with GATE AG exam pattern. Get GATE Agriculture Syllabus from this page start preparing.

GATE Agriculture Exam Pattern 2019

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

GATE Agriculture Syllabus 2019


Sources of power on the farm-human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass; bio- fuels; design and selection of machine elements – gears, pulleys, chains and sprockets and belts; overload safety devices used in farm machinery; measurement of force, torque, speed, displacement and acceleration on machine elements.

Soil tillage; forces acting on a tillage tool; hitch systems and hitching of tillage implements; mechanics of animal traction; functional requirements, principles  of working, construction and  operation of manual, animal and power operated equipment for tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizer application, inter- cultivation, spraying, mowing, chaff cutting, harvesting, threshing and transport; testing of agricultural machinery and equipment; calculation of performance parameters -field capacity, efficiency, application rate and losses; cost analysis of implements and tractors

>><<Agriculture Engineering Papers>><<

Thermodynamic principles of I.C. engines; I.C. engine cycles; engine components; fuels and combustion; lubricants and their properties; I.C. engine systems – fuel, cooling, lubrication, ignition, electrical, intake and exhaust; selection, operation, maintenance and repair of I.C. engines; power efficiencies and measurement; calculation of power, torque, fuel consumption, heat load and power losses.

Tractors and power tillers – type, selection, maintenance and repair; tractor clutches and brakes; power transmission systems – gear trains, differential, final drives and power take-off; mechanics of tractor chassis; traction theory; three point hitches- free link and restrained link operations; mechanical steering and hydraulic control systems used in tractors; human engineering and safety in tractor design; tractor tests and performance.


Ideal and real fluids, properties of fluids; hydrostatic pressure and its measurement; hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface; continuity equation; Bernoulli’s theorem; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, Darcy- Weisbach and Hazen-Williams equations, Moody’s diagram; flow through orifices and notches; flow in open channels.

Engineering properties of soils; fundamental definitions and relationships; index properties of soils; permeability and seepage analysis; shear strength, Mohr’s circle of stress, active and passive earth pressures; stability of slopes.

Hydrological cycle; meteorological parameters and their measurement, analysis of precipitation data; abstraction from precipitation; runoff; hydrograph analysis, unit hydrograph theory and application; stream flow measurement; flood routing, hydrological reservoir and channel routing.

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Measurement of distance and area; chain surveying, methods of traversing; measurement of angles and bearings, plane table surveying; types of levelling; contouring; instruments for surveying and levelling; computation of earth work.

Mechanics of soil erosion, soil erosion types; wind and water erosion; factors affecting erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering measures to control erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully control structures, drop, drop inlet and chute spillways; earthen dams; water harvesting structures, farm ponds, watershed management.

Soil-water-plant relationship, water requirement of crops; consumptive use and evapotranspiration; irrigation scheduling; irrigation efficiencies; design of irrigation channels; measurement of soil moisture, irrigation water and infiltration; surface, sprinkler and drip methods of irrigation; design and evaluation of irrigation methods.

Drainage coefficient; planning, design and layout of surface and sub-surface drainage  systems; leaching requirement and salinity control; irrigation and drainage water quality.

Groundwater occurrence confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties; well hydraulics; groundwater recharge.

Classification of pumps; pump characteristics; pump selection and installation.


Steady state heat transfer in conduction, convection and radiation; transient heat transfer in simple geometry; condensation and boiling heat transfer; working principles of heat exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer; simultaneous heat and mass transfer in agricultural processing operations.

Material and energy balances in food processing systems; water activity, sorption and desorption isotherms; centrifugal separation of solids, liquids and gases; kinetics of microbial death – pasteurization  and  sterilization  of  liquid  foods;  preservation  of  food  by  cooling  and  freezing; refrigeration and cold storage basics and applications; psychrometry – properties of  air-vapour mixture; concentration and drying of liquid foods – evaporators, tray, drum and spray dryers.

>><<Agriculture Books>><<

Mechanics and energy requirement in size reduction of granular solids; particle size analysis for comminuted solids; size separation by screening; fluidization of granular solids-pneumatic, bucket, screw and belt conveying; cleaning and grading; Effectiveness of grain cleaners.

Hydrothermal treatment, drying and milling of cereals, pulses and oilseeds; Processing of seeds, spices, fruits and vegetables; By-product utilization from processing industries.

Controlled and modified atmosphere storage; Perishable food storage, godowns, bins and grain silos

GATE 2019

Computer Science Syllabus

A large number of candidates every year participate in the GATE exam from the various regions of India and other countries as well. The competition for the GATE exam is increasing every year. The candidates need to prepare better to pass the GATE exam. The candidates who apply for the computer science engineering exam should collect the preparation material. You can start with the GATE CSE Syllabus 2019 available here. The GATE CSE Syllabus will help you to get the correct topics that you will face in the examination.

GATE CSE Syllabus 2019

The computer science engineering exam for the GATE will be conducted in the month of February as well. The candidates who successfully applied for the GATE CSE exam should start their preparations. The board will provide enough time to candidates for preparation of upcoming exam. You have to start with the GATE CSE Syllabus 2019 that available on this web page. You need to collect the information of the GATE CSE Syllabus from this web page. Regular visit on this web page for more information about GATE exam.

The syllabus is the important thing if you are preparing for the examination. The exam board will release the GATE CSE syllabus 2019 on the official web portal with the other details as well. But here you will get the syllabus with the details. The candidates should check the latest GATE CSE Syllabus 2019 before you start your preparation for the examination. You can click on the link given on this website to redirect on the official website for more updates.

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GATE CSE Exam Pattern 2018

The candidates who are preparing for the GATE exam should get all preparation material that given on this website. You have to collect the preparation material that we updated on this web page. You have to start with the GATE CSE Syllabus and GATE CSE exam pattern that exam board will release on the official website. The candidates can prepare better with the exam pattern available on this web page. With the help of exam pattern, you will able to know about the section wise marks in the examination.

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

As you know the marks contain each section, you can make a good study plan with it. You should check the exam pattern to get the section wise marks. The candidates should check out the GATE CSE Exam pattern given on this website. You can prepare a better study plan with the help of exam pattern that board will release on the official website. The exam pattern will help the candidates to know about the marks that you can collect through it.

GATE CSE Exam syllabus 2018

Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

Computer Science Syllabus

Digital Logic: Logic functions, Minimization, Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; Number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point).

Computer Organization and Architecture: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and data-path, CPU control design, Memory interface, I/O interface (Interrupt and DMA mode), Instruction pipelining, Cache and main memory, Secondary storage.

Programming and Data Structures: Programming in C; Functions, Recursion, Parameter passing, Scope, Binding; Abstract data types, Arrays, Stacks, Queues, Linked Lists, Trees, Binary search trees, Binary heaps.

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Algorithms: Analysis, Asymptotic notation, Notions of space and time complexity, Worst and average case analysis; Design: Greedy approach, Dynamic programming, Divide-and-conquer; Tree and graph traversals, Connected components, Spanning trees, Shortest paths; Hashing, Sorting, Searching. Asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, Basic concepts of complexity classes – P, NP, NP-hard, NP-complete.

Theory of Computation: Regular languages and finite automata, Context free languages and Push-down automata, Recursively enumerable sets and Turing machines, Undecidability.

Compiler Design: Lexical analysis, Parsing, Syntax directed translation, Runtime environments, Intermediate and target code generation, Basics of code optimization.

Operating System: Processes, Threads, Inter-process communication, Concurrency, Synchronization, Deadlock, CPU  scheduling, Memory management and virtual memory,  File systems, I/O systems, Protection and security.

Databases: ER-model, Relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), Database design (integrity constraints, normal forms), Query languages (SQL), File structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+ trees), Transactions and concurrency control.

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Information Systems and Software Engineering: information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance.

Computer Networks: ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring), Flow and error control techniques, Routing algorithms, Congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IP(v4), Application layer protocols (ICMP, DNS, SMTP, pop, FTP, HTTP); Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers. Network security  – basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls.

Web technologies: HTML, XML, basic concepts of client-server computing.

The GATE CSE Syllabus will be released on the official web portal with the notification of the GATE exam. The application form details are mentioned in the notification that you can check by clicking on it. The candidates can check the GATE CSE syllabus 2019 from here through the link given below.

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Along with the syllabus, the exam pattern is available on this website. Thank you for visit this website. If you have any questions related this post then you drop in the below-given box. We will reply to you there as soon as possible. Good luck. Have a Nice Day!

GATE 2019

Aerospace Syllabus – Exam Pattern

The GATE examination will conduct in the month of February as usual. The candidates who successfully apply for the GATE test should start their preparation for the exam. The board will provide enough time to candidates to prepare for the exam. The candidates should use the time that you get for the examination. The candidates should prepare with the GATE Aerospace syllabus if you applied from this branch. Just scroll down this web page down for more details.

GATE Aerospace Syllabus 2019

The GATE examination will be conducted for the various branches which exist in the engineering. The candidates who successfully complete their graduation from the specific branch from a recognized college can apply for the GATE test. After applying the GATE test, you can start your preparation with the GATE Aerospace Syllabus 2019 that available here. This is a good chance for the aerospace branch candidates to get admission in post graduation through this test. Keep in touch with this web page for more updates.

It is only the GATE Aerospace Syllabusthat will help you to prepare for the examination. The IIT Guwahati will conduct the examination in the month of February every year. The exam conducts for every branch that related to the engineering. Aerospace is one of the popular branches among students who are desired to get in engineering. The candidates can get latest GATE aerospace syllabus 2019 from this web page. The syllabus will help the candidate to score good marks in the examination.

GATE Aerospace Exam Syllabus 2019

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

Aerospace Syllabus


Atmosphere: Properties, standard atmosphere. Classification of aircraft. Airplane (fixed wing aircraft) configuration and various parts.

Airplane performance: Pressure altitude; equivalent, calibrated, indicated air speeds; Primary flight instruments: Altimeter, ASI, VSI, Turn-bank indicator. Drag polar; take off and landing; steady climb & descent,-absolute and service ceiling; cruise, cruise climb, endurance or loiter; load factor, turning flight, V-n diagram; Winds: head, tail & cross winds.

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Static stability: Angle of attack, sideslip; roll, pitch & yaw controls; longitudinal stick fixed & free stability, horizontal tail position and size; directional stability, vertical tail position and size; dihedral stability. Wing dihedral, sweep & position; hinge moments, stick forces.

Dynamic stability: Euler angles; Equations of motion; aerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives; decoupling of longitudinal and lat-directional dynamics; longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.


Central force motion, determination of trajectory and orbital period in simple cases. Orbit transfer, in- plane and out-of-plane. Elements of rocket motor performance.


Basic Fluid Mechanics: Incompressible irrotational flow, Helmholtz and Kelvin theorem, singularities and superposition, viscous flows, boundary layer on a flat plate.

Airfoils and wings: Classification of airfoils, aerodynamic characteristics, high lift devices, Kutta Joukowski theorem; lift generation; thin airfoil theory; wing theory; induced drag; qualitative treatment of low aspect ratio wings.

Viscous Flows: Flow separation, introduction to turbulence, transition, structure of a turbulent boundary layer.

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Compressible Flows: Dynamics and Thermodynamics of I-D flow, isentropic flow, normal shock, oblique shock, Prandtl-Meyer flow, flow in nozzles and diffusers, inviscid flow in a c-d nozzle, flow in diffusers. subsonic and supersonic airfoils, compressibility effects on lift and drag, critical and drag divergence Mach number, wave drag.

Wind Tunnel Testing: Measurement and visualization techniques.


Stress and Strain: Equations of equilibrium, constitutive law, strain-displacement relationship, compatibility equations, plane stress and strain, Airy’s stress function.

Flight Vehicle Structures: Characteristics of aircraft structures and materials, torsion, bending and flexural shear. Flexural shear flow in thin-walled sections. Buckling. Failure theories. Loads on aircraft.

Structural Dynamics: Free and forced vibration of discrete systems. Damping and resonance. Dynamics of continuous systems.

This is the good chance that has the graduate students to get admission in the post graduation in the IITs and NITs across the country. The selection of the candidates depends on the rank of the candidates in the GATE exam. The candidates have to pass the GATE exam with the good marks. So, you need the better preparation material. As we all know that nothing better than GATE Aerospace syllabus 2019 that available here. The candidates who are looking for the syllabus should check this web page.

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The aerospace is the branch of engineering that recently introduced in India. A number of candidates show their interest in this branch. The candidates can check the latest GATE aerospace syllabus 2019 for the exam that will conduct in the February month every year. The candidates who want to get admission in the post graduation should start their preparation from today to pass the GATE exam. The GATE Aerospace Syllabus will help the candidates to obtain high marks as you know the topics from which the questions will be asked.

GATE Aerospace Exam Pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The candidates who are going to participate in the examination should start their preparation with the GATE Aerospace Syllabus along with GATE Aerospace exam pattern. It will help you get the section wise numbers that you can score.

The candidates should go through the exam pattern before appearing in GATE exam. The candidates need to start the preparation for the exam today if you want to pass the examination. If you have any query about the syllabus or exam pattern then you can ask in the below mentioned comment box.

GATE 2019

Engineering Science Syllabus – Exam Pattern

There is a number of branches available in the engineering and engineering science one of them. A number of students every year pass the graduation from this branch. The candidates who apply for the GATE engineering science should start their preparation for the exam. The candidates can start their preparation with GATE engineering science syllabus 2019 that available over here. The GATE Engineering Science Syllabus will help the candidates to score high marks in the written examination which will available on this web page.

GATE Engineering Science Syllabus 2019

The GATE is one of the largest competitive exams for the engineering students who complete their graduation from a relevant branch. The candidates have to submit the application form before the closing date. The candidates should start their preparation for the GATE exam as you have enough time for better preparation. The candidates can get the latest GATE engineering science syllabus 2019 over here. We will provide you all details that related to the gate upcoming examination.

Here we will give you every single update related to the GATE exam on this web page. The candidates should start their preparation from today as you will able to get the latest GATE Engineering Science Syllabus from here. You can also visit the official web portal through the link available given below. The candidates should check the GATE engineering science syllabus 2019 from here. The candidates should have some points in their mind before you appear in the examination. Keep in touch with us for more details.

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GATE Engineering Science Exam Pattern 2018

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The candidates who are going to appear in the examination of GATE should know about the syllabus for engineering science. The candidates should start their preparation with the official GATE Engineering Science Syllabus that board mentioned on the official website. The candidates don’t forget to check the exam pattern which available on this web page. We will provide you the best GATE Engineering Science exam pattern that will help the candidates to know about section wise marks. The exam pattern will available here shortly.

After the GATE Engineering Science Syllabus, the second most important thing that every candidate should know is exam pattern. Yes, the candidates should know about the exam pattern to counter the exam questions. The candidates who are looking for the GATE engineering science exam pattern should check the details of it from here. You have to check the various details over here for more updates. The details of the exam pattern will be updated if any changes occur by the board.

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GATE Engineering Science Exam Syllabus 2019

Section B: Fluid Mechanics

Fluid Properties: Relation between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids.

Hydrostatics: Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies.

Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid motion, concept of local and convective accelerations, steady and unsteady flows, control volume analysis for mass, momentum and energy.

Differential equations of mass and momentum (Euler equation), Bernoulli’s equation and its applications. Concept of fluid rotation, vorticity, stream function and potential function.

Potential flow: elementary flow fields and principle of superposition, potential flow past a circular cylinder.

Dimensional analysis: Concept of geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity, the importance of non-dimensional numbers. Fully-developed pipe flow, laminar and turbulent flows, friction factor, Darcy-Weisbach relation. Qualitative ideas of boundary layer and separation, streamlined and bluff bodies, drag and lift forces. Basic ideas of flow measurement using venturimeter, pitot-static tube and orifice plate.

Section C: Materials Science

Structure: Atomic structure and bonding in materials. Crystal structure of materials, crystal systems, unit cells and space lattices, determination of structures of simple crystals by x-ray diffraction, miller indices of planes and directions, packing geometry in metallic, ionic and covalent solids. Concept of amorphous, single and polycrystalline structures and their effect on properties of materials.Crystal growth techniques.Imperfections in crystalline solids and their role in influencing various properties.

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Diffusion: Fick’s laws and application of diffusion in sintering, doping of semiconductors and surface hardening of metals. Metals and Alloys: Solid solutions, solubility limit, phase rule, binary phase diagrams, intermediate phases, intermetallic compounds, iron-iron carbide phase diagram, heat treatment of steels, cold, hot working of metals, recovery, recrystallization and grain growth. Microstrcture, properties and applications of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.

Ceramics: Structure, properties, processing and applications of traditional and advanced ceramics.

Polymers: Classification, polymerization, structure and properties, additives for polymer products, processing and applications.

Composites: Properties and applications of various composites.

Advanced Materials and Tools: Smart materials, exhibiting ferroelectric, piezoelectric, optoelectric, semiconducting behavior, lasers and optical fibers, photoconductivity and superconductivity, nanomaterials – synthesis, properties and applications, biomaterials, superalloys, shape memory alloys. Materials characterization techniques such as, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry.

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Mechanical Properties: stress-strain diagrams of metallic, ceramic and polymeric materials, modulus of elasticity, yield strength, tensile strength, toughness, elongation, plastic deformation, viscoelasticity, hardness, impact strength, creep, fatigue, ductile and brittle fracture.

Thermal Properties: Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion of materials.

Electronic Properties: Concept of energy band diagram for materials – conductors, semiconductors and insulators, electrical conductivity – effect of temperature on conductility, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, dielectric properties.

Optical Properties: Reflection, refraction, absorption and transmission of electromagnetic radiation in solids.

Magnetic Properties: Origin of magnetism in metallic and ceramic materials, paramagnetism, diamagnetism, antiferro magnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism, magnetic hysterisis.

Environmental Degradation: Corrosion and oxidation of materials, prevention.

Section D: Solid Mechanics

Equivalent force systems; free-body diagrams; equilibrium equations; analysis of determinate trusses and frames; friction; simple relative motion of particles; force as function of position, time and speed; force acting on a body in motion; laws of motion; law of conservation of energy; law of conservation of momentum.

Stresses and strains; principal stresses and strains; Mohr’s circle; generalized Hooke’s Law; thermal strain; theories of failure.

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Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses; deflection (for symmetric bending); torsion in circular shafts; thin cylinders; energy methods (Castigliano’s Theorems); Euler buckling. Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems.

Section E: Thermodynamics

Basic Concepts: Continuum, macroscopic approach, thermodynamic system (closed and open or control volume); thermodynamic properties and equilibrium; state of a system, state diagram, path and process; different modes of work; Zeroth law of thermodynamics; concept of temperature; heat.

First Law of Thermodynamics: Energy, enthalpy, specific heats, first law applied to systems and control volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis.

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot theorems, thermodynamic temperature scale, Clausius inequality and concept of entropy, principle of increase of entropy; availability and irreversibility.

Properties of Pure Substances: Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapor phases, P-V-T behaviour of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, equations of state, compressibility chart.

Thermodynamic Relations: T-ds relations, Maxwell equations, Joule-Thomson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron equation.

Thermodynamic cycles: Carnot vapor power cycle, Ideal Rankine cycle, Rankine Reheat cycle, Air standard Otto cycle, Air standard Diesel cycle, Air-standard Brayton cycle, Vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.

Ideal Gas Mixtures: Dalton’s and Amagat’s laws, calculations of properties, air-water vapor mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them.

Section F: Polymer Science and Engineering

Chemistry of high polymers: Monomers, functionality, degree of polymerizations, classification of polymers, glass transition, melting transition, criteria for rubberiness, polymerization methods: addition and condensation; their kinetics, metallocene polymers and other newer techniques of polymerization, copolymerization, monomer reactivity ratios and its significance, kinetics, different copolymers, random, alternating, azeotropic copolymerization, block and graft copolymers, techniques for copolymerization-bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion.

Polymer Characterization: Solubility and swelling, concept of average molecular weight, determination of number average, weight average, viscosity average and Z-average molecular weights, polymer crystallinity, analysis of polymers using IR, XRD, thermal (DSC, DMTA, TGA), microscopic (optical and electronic) techniques.

Synthesis and properties: Commodity and general purpose thermoplastics: PE, PP, PS, PVC, Polyesters, Acrylic, PU polymers. Engineering Plastics: Nylon, PC, PBT, PSU, PPO, ABS, Fluoropolymers Thermosetting polymers: PF, MF, UF, Epoxy, Unsaturated polyester, Alkyds. Natural and synthetic rubbers: Recovery of NR hydrocarbon from latex, SBR, Nitrile, CR, CSM, EPDM, IIR, BR, Silicone, TPE.

Polymer blends and composites: Difference between blends and composites, their significance, choice of polymers for blending, blend miscibility-miscible and immiscible blends, thermodynamics, phase morphology, polymer alloys, polymereutectics, plastic-plastic, rubber-plastic and rubber-rubber blends, FRP, particulate, long and short fibre reinforced composites.

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Polymer Technology: Polymer compounding-need and significance, different compounding ingredients for rubber and plastics, crosslinking and vulcanization, vulcanization kinetics.

Polymer rheology: Flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, different flow equations, dependence of shear modulus on temperature, molecular/segmental deformations at different zones and transitions. Measurements of rheological parameters by capillary rotating, parallel plate, cone-plate rheometer. viscoelasticity-creep and stress relaxations, mechanical models, control of rheological characteristics through compounding, rubber curing in parallel plate viscometer, ODR and MDR.

Polymer processing: Compression molding, transfer molding, injection molding, blow molding, reaction injection molding, extrusion, pultrusion, calendaring, rotational molding, thermoforming, rubber processing in two-roll mill, internal mixer.

Polymer testing: Mechanical-static and dynamic tensile, flexural, compressive, abrasion, endurance, fatigue, hardness, tear, resilience, impact, toughness. Conductivity-thermal and electrical, dielectric constant, dissipation factor, power factor, electric resistance, surface resistivity, volume resistivity,  swelling, ageing resistance, environmental stress cracking resistance.

Section G: Food Technology

Food Chemistry and Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Structure and functional properties of mono- oligo-polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre; Proteins: Classification and structure of proteins in food; Lipids: Classification and structure of lipids, Rancidity of fats, Polymerization and polymorphism; Pigments: Carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and myoglobin; Food flavours: Terpenes, esters, ketones and quinones; Enzymes: Specificity, Kinetics and inhibition, Coenzymes, Enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning; Nutrition: Balanced diet, Essential amino acids and fatty acids, PER, Water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, Role of minerals in nutrition, Antinutrients, Nutrition deficiency diseases.

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Food Microbiology: Characteristics of microorganisms: Morphology, structure and detection of bacteria, yeast and mold in food, Spores and vegetative cells; Microbial growth in food: Intrinsic and extrinsic factors, Growth and death kinetics, serial dilution method for quantification; Food spoilage: Contributing factors, Spoilage bacteria, Microbial spoilage of milk and milk products, meat and meat products; Foodborne disease: Toxins produced by Staphylococcus, Clostridium and Aspergillus; Bacterial pathogens: Salmonella, Bacillus, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter; Fermented food: Buttermilk, yoghurt, cheese, sausage, alcoholic beverage, vinegar, sauerkraut and soya sauce.

Food Products Technology: Processing principles: Canning, chilling, freezing, dehydration, control of water activity, CA and MA storage, fermentation, hurdle technology, addition of preservatives and food additives, Food packaging, cleaning in place and food laws.; Grain products processing: Milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy, production of bread, biscuits, extruded products and breakfast cereals, Solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation of oil; Fruits, vegetables and plantation products processing: Extraction, clarification concentration and packaging of fruit juice, Production of jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, and pickles, pectin from fruit waste, tea, coffee, chocolate and essential oils from spices; Milk and milk products processing: Pasteurized and sterilized milk, cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream, cheese and milk powder; Animal products processing: Drying and canning of fish, post mortem changes, tenderization and freezing of meat, egg powder.

Food Engineering: Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer: Flow rate and pressure drop relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Characteristics of non-Newtonian fluids – generalized viscosity coefficient  and  Reynolds number, Flow of compressible fluid, Flow measurement, Pumps and compressors; Heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, boiling and condensation, Unsteady state heat transfer in simple geometry, NTU- effectiveness relationship of co-current and counter current double pipe heat exchanger; Mass transfer: Molecular diffusion and Fick’s Law,

Steady state mass transfer, Convective mass transfer, Permeability of films and laminates; Mechanical operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation, settling, sieving, flow through porous bed, agitation of liquid, solid-solid mixing, and single screw extrusion; Thermal operations: Energy requirement and rate of operations involved in process time evaluation in batch and continuous sterilization, evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing and crystallization; Mass transfer operations: Properties of air-water vapor mixture; Humidification and dehumidification operations.

The GATE Engineering Science Syllabus for the GATE exam will help the candidates to score high marks. You have to prepare better for the written examination with GATE engineering science syllabus 2019 if you are searching for the section wise marks. The candidates should visit this web page regularly to get more updates. We are thankful for your visit over. The candidates can ask any question related to the post in the comment section. We will provide you solution as soon as possible.

GATE 2019

EEE Syllabus – Exam Pattern

On this page, the candidates who recently applied for the GATE EEE exam can get the GATE EEE Syllabus with the exam pattern in the pdf format. The interested candidates who are searching for the GATE EEE syllabus 2019 should check this out from here. You have to check the latest exam pattern which available on this web page. You have to visit this website regularly to get the continuous more updates from the GATE exam. Scroll down to get more details of the syllabus.

GATE EEE Syllabus 2019

The electrical and electronics is a professional branch of the engineering that is the study of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. The eligible candidates who recently applied for GATE exam should start their preparation with the latest GATE EEE Syllabus 2019 available here. You can check the syllabus details from here before the examination. Also, you need to prepare with the latest syllabus give on this web page. You can bookmark this website for the instant visit over here.

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The GATE EEE Syllabus is very important if you are going to prepare for any examination. The syllabus will help you to get the related questions in the exam. The GATE EEE Syllabus 2019 has the topics related questions that you may face in the examination. The board will release the syllabus on their official web portal. The candidates need to prepare with the latest syllabus and exam pattern available on this website. You can check the details of the syllabus from here for more information about the upcoming exam syllabus.

GATE EEE Exam pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The exam board will declare the EEE exam pattern with the GATE EEE Syllabus on their official web portal. The candidates can get the GATE EEE exam pattern from there. Also, the candidates can visit the official website through the link given here. Click on the link to visit the official web portal. The candidates who are searching for the latest exam pattern can get the detailed exam pattern from here. Check the details of the exam pattern from here.

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The candidates need to study hard to pass the GATE exam. The competition will be very tough as the candidates will participate around the country. You have to prepare better for the exam. So, you need the latest syllabus and GATE EEE Exam pattern that will help you to get section wise marks. You can make a study plan with the help of exam pattern as per given marks in it. You can get more details and information by visiting this website regularly.

GATE EEE exam syllabus 2019

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

Electric Circuits and Fields: Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of dc and ac networks; sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, two- port networks, three phase circuits; Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions; Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws; inductance;  dielectrics; capacitance.

Signals and Systems: Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, time-invariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem; Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms.

Electrical Machines: Single phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformers – connections, parallel operation; auto-transformer; energy conversion principles; DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors; three phase induction motors – principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single phase induction motors; synchronous machines – performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications; servo and stepper motors.

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Power Systems: Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance, insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; per-unit quantities; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow; voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers; system stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts.

Control Systems: Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steady-state errors; Routh and Niquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and lead-lag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix, controllability and observability.

Electrical and Electronic Measurements: Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Q-meters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric recorders; error analysis.

Analog and Digital Electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications; simple active filters; VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multi-vibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.

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Power Electronics and Drives: Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs – static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters – fully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives.

Here you will get the latest GATE EEE syllabus 2019 to prepare better for the upcoming exam. You should check the details of the GATE EEE Syllabus and exam pattern before you start your preparation for the exam. We will bring regular updates for you related the GATE examination here. If you have any query related this post then you can ask in the comment section. We will provide you shortly a satisfactory answer there. Wish you good luck. Have a Nice Day!

GATE 2019

Geology and Geophysics Syllabus – Exam Pattern

GATE Geology and Geophysics Syllabus 2019 is available on this page. Get GATE Geology and Geophysics Syllabus 2019 and start your preparation.

GATE Geology and Geophysics exam pattern 2019

Section Name Marks Distribution
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 85%
Total Marks 65 Marks

GATE Geology and Geophysics Syllabus 2019


Earth and Planetary system, size, shape, internal structure and composition of the earth; atmosphere and greenhouse effect; isostasy; elements of seismology; physical properties of the interior of the earth; continents and continental processes; physical oceanography; geomagnetism and paleomagnetism, continental drift, plate tectonics.

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Weathering; soil formation; the action of river, wind, glacier and ocean; earthquakes, volcanism and orogeny. Basic structural geology, mineralogy and petrology. Geological time scale and geochronology; stratigraphic principles; major stratigraphic divisions of India. Engineering properties of rocks and soils. Groundwater geology. Geological and geographical distribution of ore, coal and petroleum resources of India

Introduction to remote sensing. Physical basis and applications of gravity, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, seismic and radiometric prospecting for oil, mineral and groundwater; introductory well logging.

PART B – Section 1: GEOLOGY

Crystal symmetry, forms, twinning; crystal chemistry; optical mineralogy, classification of minerals, diagnostic physical and optical properties of rock-forming minerals.

Igneous rocks – classification, forms and textures, magmatic differentiation; phase diagrams and trace elements as monitors of magma evolutionary processes; mantle melting models and derivation and primary magmas. Metamorphism; controlling factors, metamorphic facies, grade and basic types; metamorphism of pelitic, mafic and impure carbonate rocks; role of fluids in metamorphism; metamorphic P-T-t paths and their tectonic significance; Igneous and metamorphic provinces of India; structure and petrology of sedimentary rocks; sedimentary processes and environments, sedimentary facies, basin analysis; association of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks  with  tectonic setting.

Stress, strain and material response; brittle and ductile deformation; primary and secondary structures; geometry and  genesis  of folds, faults, joints, unconformities; cleavage, schistosity  and  lineation; methods of projection, tectonites and their significance; shear zone; superposed folding; basement cover relationship.

Morphology, classification and geological significance of important invertebrates, vertebrates, microfossils and palaeoflora; stratigraphic principles and Indian stratigraphy.

Geomorphic processes and agents; development and evolution of landforms; slope and drainage; processes on deep oceanic and near-shore regions; quantitative and applied geomorphology.

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Oremineralogy and optical properties of ore minerals; ore forming processes vis-à-vis ore-rock association   (magmatic,   hydrothermal,   sedimentary   and   metamorphogenic   ores);    ores   and

metamorphism; fluid inclusions as an ore genetic tool; prospecting and exploration of economic minerals; sampling, ore reserve estimation, geostatistics, mining methods. Coal and  petroleum geology; origin and distribution of mineral and fuel deposits in India; marine geology and ocean resources; ore dressing and mineral economics.

Cosmic abundance; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the earth; geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor and trace elements; elements of geochemical thermodynamics, isotope geochemistry; geochemistry of waters including solution equilibria and water rock interaction.

Engineering properties of rocks and soils; rocks as construction materials; role of geology in the construction of engineering structures including dams, tunnels and excavation sites; natural hazards. Ground water geology – exploration, well hydraulics and water quality. Basic principles of remote sensing – energy sources and radiation principles, atmospheric absorption, interaction of energy with earth’s surface, air-photo interpretation, multispectral remote sensing in visible, infrared, thermal IR and microwave regions, digital processing of satellite images. GIS – basic concepts, raster and vector mode operation.


The earth as a planet; different motions of the earth; gravity field of the earth, Clairaut’s theorem, size and shape of earth; geochronology; seismology and interior of the earth; variation of density, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical and magnetic properties of the earth; earthquakes-causes and measurements, magnitude and intensity, focal mechanisms, earthquake quantification, source characteristics, seismotectonics and seismic hazards; digital seismographs, geomagnetic field, paleomagnetism; oceanic and continental lithosphere; plate tectonics; heat flow; upper and lower atmospheric phenomena.

Scalar and vector potential fields; Laplace, Maxwell and Helmholtz equations for solution of different types of boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates; Green’s theorem; Image theory; integral equations in potential theory; Eikonal equation and Ray theory. Basic concepts of forward and inverse problems of geophysics, Ill-posedness of inverse problems.

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‘G’ and ‘g’ units of measurement, absolute and relative gravity measurements; Land, airborne, shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys; various corrections in gravity data reduction – free air, Bouguer and isostatic anomalies; density estimates of rocks; regional and residual gravity separation; principle of equivalent stratum; upward and downward continuation; wavelength filtering; preparation and analysis of gravity maps; gravity anomalies and their interpretation – anomalies due to geometrical and irregular shaped bodies, depth rules, calculation of mass.

Earth’s magnetic field – elements, origin and units of measurement, magnetic susceptibility of rocks and measurements, magnetometers, Land, airborne and marine magnetic surveys, corrections, preparation of magnetic maps, upward and downward continuation, magnetic anomalies-geometrical shaped bodies, depth estimates, Image processing concepts in processing of magnetic anomaly maps; Interpretation of processed magnetic anomaly data.

Conduction of electricity through rocks, electrical conductivities of metals, non-metals, rock forming minerals and different rocks, concepts of D.C. resistivity measurement, various electrode configurations for resistivity sounding and profiling, application  of filter  theory, Type-curves over multi-layered structures, Dar-Zarrouck parameters, reduction of layers, coefficient of anisotropy, interpretation of resistivity field data, equivalence and suppression, self potential and its origin, field measurement, Induced polarization, time and frequency domain IP measurements; interpretation and applications of IP, ground-water exploration, environmental and engineering applications.

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Basic concept of EM induction, Origin of electromagnetic field, elliptic polarization, methods of measurement for different source-receiver configuration, components in EM measurements. Skin- depth, interpretation and applications; earth’s natural electromagnetic field, tellurics, magneto- tellurics; geomagnetic depth sounding principles, electromagnetic profiling, methods of measurement, processing of data and interpretation. Geological applications including groundwater, mining and hydrocarbon exploration.

Seismic methods of prospecting; Elastic properties of earth materials; Reflection, refraction and CDP surveys; land and marine seismic sources, generation and propagation of elastic waves, velocity – depth models, geophones, hydrophones, recording instruments (DFS), digital formats, field layouts, seismic noises and noise profile analysis, optimum geophone grouping, noise cancellation by shot and geophone arrays, 2D and 3D seismic data acquisition, processing and interpretation; CDP stacking charts, binning, filtering, dip-moveout, static and dynamic corrections, Digital seismic data processing, seismic deconvolution and migration methods, attribute analysis, bright and dim spots, seismic stratigraphy, high resolution seismics, VSP, AVO. Reservoir geophysics.

Geophysical signal processing, sampling theorem, aliasing, Nyquist frequency, Fourier series, periodic waveform, Fourier and Hilbert transform, Z-transform and wavelet transform; power spectrum, delta function, auto correlation, cross correlation, convolution, deconvolution, principles of digital filters, windows, poles and zeros.

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Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging. SP, resistivity, induction, gamma ray, neutron, density, sonic, temperature, dip meter, caliper, nuclear magnetic, cement bond logging, micro-logs. Quantitative evaluation of formations from well logs; well hydraulics and application of geophysical methods for groundwater study; application of bore hole geophysics in ground water, mineral and oil exploration.

Radioactive methods of prospecting and assaying of minerals (radioactive and non radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M counter, scintillation detector, semiconductor devices, application of radiometric for exploration and radioactive waste disposal.

Geophysical inverse problems; non-uniqueness and stability of solutions; quasi-linear and non-linear methods including Tikhonov’s regularization method, Backus-Gilbert method, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms and artificial neural network.

GATE 2019