Biotechnology Syllabus – Exam Pattern

The biotechnology will help the candidates to study about the production, reproduce and reuse. In past few years, there is the boom of the students to get admission. The candidates who start the preparation for biotechnology should check out the GATE Biotechnology Syllabus. On this page, we will provide the latest GATE Biotechnology Syllabus 2020 from here. The candidates who are serious to pass the exam should try out the official biotechnology syllabus from this web page. Just scroll this web page down for more details of syllabus

GATE Biotechnology Syllabus 2020

Here is the good news for the candidates who are preparing for the gate biotechnology exam. It will help you to prepare for the examination as well as you know about the topics about that you face the questions in the GATE test. We will provide you the latest GATE Biotechnology Syllabus on this web page. All you have to do that follow the instructions which are given on this web page. The candidates will able to get the GATE Biotechnology syllabus 2020 from here. You need to regularly visit us for more updates related GATE examination.

There are many ways to prepare for the examination of coaching, previous papers, model papers. But may you have to pay some cents to get these on your device. The candidates who are searching for the latest GATE Biotechnology Syllabus for the upcoming examination of GATE biotechnology should regularly visit over on this web page. The candidates will able to get the latest GATE biotechnology syllabus 2020 from this website. The examination will conduct in the February month but you should start your preparation from today.

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GATE Biotechnology exam pattern 2020

Section Name Marks Distribution
Engineering Mathematics 15%
General Aptitude 15%
Subject Weightage 70%
Total Marks 65 Marks

The examination for the GATE BT also will conduct in the February month. So, every candidate who applied for the GATE BT exam should check out the GATE Biotechnology Exam pattern 2020 from this web page. It will help you to make a study plan to prepare for the examination. It will also tell you the section wise marks that will help you to prepare better. You have to prepare as much as you can before the examination starts. You should check the details of the exam pattern that given on this web page.

The exam pattern will helpful for the candidates who are willing to score high marks in the exam. Mostly, the exam pattern will release with the GATE Biotechnology Syllabus on the official website. Here we will provide you the latest GATE Biotechnology exam pattern for preparing for the examination. It will help you for the upcoming examination that conducted for the graduate students to get admission in the post graduation. The exam pattern will help you to score more marks and know about the marks that contain each section.

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GATE BT Syllabus 2020


Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series.

Differential Equations: Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transforms, PDE- Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables,  Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multistep methods for differential equations.


Microbiology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth, and control; Microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); Nitrogen fixation; the Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.

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Biochemistry: Biomolecules and their conformation; Weak inter-molecular interactions in biomacromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of single substrate and bisubstrate enzyme-catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism (Glycolysis, TCA and Oxidative phosphorylation); Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signaling and signal transduction.

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational processes; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.

Process Biotechnology: Bioprocess technology for the production of cell biomass and primary/secondary metabolites, such as baker’s yeast, ethanol, citric acid, amino acids, exo-polysaccharides, antibiotics and pigments etc.; Microbial production, purification and bioprocess application(s) of industrial enzymes; Production and purification of recombinant proteins on a large scale; Chromatographic and membrane-based bioseparation methods; Immobilization of enzymes and cells and their application for bioconversion processes. Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes for stabilization of solid/liquid wastes; Bioremediation.

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Bioprocess Engineering: Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Simple structured models; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Aeration and agitation; Mass transfer in bioreactors; Rheology of fermentation fluids; Scale-up concepts; Design of fermentation media; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation in bioreactors.

Plant and Animal Biotechnology: Special features and organization of plant cells;  Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant products of industrial importance; Biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Cell suspension culture development: methodology, kinetics of growth and production formation, nutrient optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root cultures and their cultivation. Techniques in raising transgenes.

Characteristics of animal cells: Metabolism, regulation and nutritional requirements for mass cultivation of animal cell cultures; Kinetics of cell growth and product formation and effect of shear force; Product and substrate transport; Micro & macro-carrier culture; Hybridoma technology; Live  stock improvement; Cloning in animals; Genetic engineering in animal cell culture; Animal cell preservation.

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Immunology: The origin of  immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell-mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex (MHC); Antigen processing and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hypersensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.

Recombinant DNA Technology: Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation; Gene cloning; Expression of cloned gene; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In-situ hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy.

Bioinformatics: Major bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny); Genomics and Proteomics (Large-scale genome sequencing strategies; Comparative genomics; Understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); Molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields).

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All the details which are mentioned above are taken from the various sources. So, we suggest you that must check the official GATE BT Syllabus 2020 before start the preparation for the examination. If you have any question related this post then ask us by commenting in the below section. Thank you. Have a Nice Day!

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